Strangulation Prevention

/Strangulation Prevention
Strangulation Prevention2019-03-23T08:53:14+00:00

Non-Lethal Strangulation

The Domestic Violence Death Review Action Group was formed in 2004 to campaign for the establishment of a Domestic Violence Death Review Board in Queensland. This group evolved to become the Red Rose Foundation in 2016. In 2004, current Red Rose Foundation Directors, Betty Taylor and Di Macleod, organized a Violence Against Women Conference with invited US speakers, Casey Gwinn, Gael Strack and Dr George McLean. It was through their training on non-lethal strangulation, that DVDRAG began an intensive campaign for a specific crime of non-lethal strangulation.

Putting strangulation forward as a significant risk indicator is based on the work of Strack and McClane (2001) who undertook research into three hundred strangulation cases submitted for misdemeanour prosecution to the San Diego City Attorney’s Office. The study revealed that a lack of training may have caused police and prosecutors to overlook symptoms of strangulation or to rely too heavily on the visible signs of strangulation. Because most victims of strangulation had no visible injuries or their injuries were too minor to photograph, opportunities for higher level criminal prosecution were missed. Follow up research on the risks associated with non-fatal strangulation in cases of domestic violence was conducted by Glass, Laughon, Campbell, Block, Hanson, Sharps and Taliaferro (2004). This study found that prior non-fatal strangulation was a significant risk factor for attempted or completed homicide of women with prior non-fatal strangulation associated with 45% of attempted homicides and 43% of homicides.
From Dying to be Heard: B Taylor 2008

Non-lethal strangulation is one of the most significant red flags to homicide and premature death from strokes and other health issues. Through our work, a specific criminal offence of non-lethal strangulation has now been established in Queensland.

To further our aim of raising awareness to the dangerous nature of non-lethal strangulation, provide expert training and forge partnerships of research and education, the Red Rose Foundation has brought expert trainers to Queensland in 2016 and again in 2017 for highly specialist training. Over 600 professionals from around Australia have now received specialist non-lethal strangulation intervention and prevention training. Also, established the Bianca Faith Girven National Institute for Strangulation Prevention.

Our aim is to see the introduction of specific non-lethal strangulation legislation introduced into every State and Territory on Australia. This needs to be accompanied by specialist training across police, justice, health, probation, domestic violence and sexual assault services and sectors.


The ultimate form of control The Australian 21 April 2018
Strangulation…it’s deadly serious Channel Seven 10 April 2018
Strangulation Can Prove Fatal Months After the Attack Courier Mail 14 May 2017
Hundred charged with non-lethal strangulation Courier Mail 6 May 2017
Domestic violence laws passed in Queensland to make non-fatal strangulation a separate offence ABC News May 2016
Taking Women’s Lives Into Their Hands 15 May 2018
Our choking victims need support as sex loophole exposed 14 May 2018


Perpetrator Accountability Training March 2018

Strangulation Prevention Training March 2018

Feedback from Strangulation Prevention Training

The best training I have ever done in my career. Well detailed, real life examples, well structured”.
“ Understanding strangulation is a number 1 high risk factor in regards to domestic violence homicide”.
“because knowing about non-lethal strangulation and what evidence can assist victims in successful prosecutions will hopefully decreases homicides”
“Understanding the significance of strangulation injuries and the full impact of future indicators of lethality”
“ I was shocked to learn that strangulation can cause strokes months after the strangulation incident”
“Essential knowledge for anyone working with those affected by domestic violence”
“Loved this training; make it 3 days instead of 2 days”